Monday, 29 December 2014

New Years Eve 25 Years Ago:1989

Last week, I gave you an insight into how Sydneysiders marked Christmas in 1989. Now we ask how Sydney said farewell to the 1980's and welcomed in the 1990's.

1989 is the year where the origins of current New Year's Celebrations in Sydney originate from. Year by Year it would build up to shape what is now regarded as the biggest celebration of the start of the New Year anywhere in the world.

After two years, it was decided to bring back the New Years Eve fireworks display on Sydney Harbour. The Bicentenary in 1988 along with police concerns about rowdy behaviour on city streets led to a decision for no fireworks shows to welcome in 1988 and 1989.

A 30 minute fireworks display was held at 9 pm along Sydney Harbour to launch the 1990 Festival of Sydney. Those attending were asked to bring along a radio to listen a complication of music that was programmed in sync with the fireworks. 2DAY FM would do the broadcast. Why 9pm? To allow people to enjoy a night out and be home in time for midnight or go to a party with friends.

Popular vantage points included: Mrs Macquaries Chair, Dawes Point and Bradleys Head.

The Fireworks were directed by Syd Howard with 6000 shells launched into the sky.

2DAY FM December 31 1989 sunday telegraph 39

Source: 2-Day FM. 1989. "Skyshow: The Concert in the Sky (Advertisement). " The Sunday Telegraph, December 31. 29.

At least 400 000 people were reported to have watched the show; either on land or on a boat moored on the harbour. Compare it with the crowds of up to two million that attended New Year's Eve celebrations last year.

The 9pm fireworks  show would be an annual feature each New Year's Eve until 1997. In 1998 as a lead up to Millennium celebrations, the 9pm show was shortened to ten minutes and is now promoted as a family fireworks show to allow children to at least engage in part of the evening's celebrations. The thirty minute show was moved to midnight. From 2000, the show gradually decreased from thirty minutes to twelve minutes.

As for transport, there were plenty of buses, trains and ferries to keep you moving throughout the night. Below is an advertisement listing details of bus and ferry services operated by the State Transit Authority.

NYE Transport Arrangements December 29 1989 daily telegraph 21 

Source: State Transit. 1989. "New Year's Eve Buses & Ferries (Advertisement). " The Daily Telegraph, December 29, 21.

Unfortunately I could not find an advertisement outlining rail services, but if I do find something, I'll add it in.

And finally, Tina Turner was out on the town as she was in town to film the 1990 promotional advertisement for the NSWRL Competition.

  Sydney NYE January 1 1990 Daily Mirror (1)


I wish you all a very happy new year. 

Monday, 22 December 2014

Christmas Snapshot: 1989

Christmas December 26 1989 daily telegraph 9

Source: Anonymous. 1989. "Santa swaps sled for sailboard." The Daily Telegraph, December 26, 9.

For a Christmas Flashback, I've decided to go back a quarter of a century ago to 1989 to give a small snapshot of how the city marked Christmas.

1989 was pretty big year. Communism was falling apart in Eastern Europe and here at home, sharp increases in Interest Rates were beginning to hit with families and businesses on the nose.

As we know, the arrival of Santa to our department stores and shopping centres marks the start of the Christmas season in November. Grace Bros made sure it was grand with an estimated 200 000 people gathering on city streets on a very wet November morning (November 11) to welcome him to the city for their first ever Christmas Parade.  There were plenty of stars involved including Grace Bros Ambassador Deborah Hutton, Kay Cottee (Sailor), entertainer Normie Rowe and pop star Colette.

Grace Bros Pageant November 13 1989 daily telegraph 3

Source: Anonymous. 1989. "Ah, music to pour over." The Daily Telegraph, November 13, 3. 

Advertisement for the parade.

GBS parade 1989 (1)

Source: Coles-Myer Limited. 1989. "Grace Bros Christmas Parade (Advertisement)." The Sunday Telegraph, November 5, 26. 

The official program.

GBS parade 1989 (2)

Source: Coles-Myer Limited. 1989. "Grace Bros Christmas Parade (Advertisement)." The Daily Telegraph, November 11, 20-21. 

1989 was the first time that all retailers were given permission to trade on Sunday's, but only on the two Sundays before Christmas (December 17 and 24). The previous year, Grace Bros had experimented successfully with Sunday Trading at its city store. This was not welcomed by the Allied Shops and Trades Union nor the Churches, but despite that many workers elected to work on both Sunday's attracted by double pay for the hours worked. People enjoyed the convience that came with it knowing they had extra time to shop. Westfield claimed that 50% of its shoppers wanted Sunday trading. NSW was now another step closer to seven days a week trading. With Christmas Eve (December 24), it was generally the larger shopping centres that stayed open. Stores like BigW which had shops in smaller shopping centres. For instance Bonnyrigg did not open while their Westfield Miranda store traded.

Below are several reports on Sunday trading from December 17 as covered by The Daily Telegraph, in its edition of December 18.

Sunday Trading Triumph December 18 1989 daily telegraph 1-4-5 (1)

Sunday Trading Triumph December 18 1989 daily telegraph 1-4-5 (2)

But even during the week you had plenty of time to shop with extended shopping hours. Westfield's trading hours for the week before Christmas gives us a good idea how late they traded. Compared to today it has changed little, except with weekends with an extra hour or two to trade.

Westfield Christmas Ad December 17 1989 sunday telegraph 149 

Source: Westfield. 1989. "Open Today and Every Day until Christmas (Advertisement)." The Sunday Telegraph, December 17, 149. 

And an example of how the major retailers restricted trade to larger centres. This one is from Coles New World Supermarkets.

Coles New World Ad December 1989 daily mirror0023 

Source: Coles Myer Limited. 1989. "We've extended our Christmas shopping hours... (Advertisement). " The Daily Mirror, December 22. 13.

Peter Fitzsimons of The Sydney Morning Herald spent the Thursday evening before Christmas (December 21) at Grace Bros in the city. It was chaotic, and for some it was their best chance to get their shopping done. Notice the time on the clock below.


Source: Fitzsimons, P. "To some, night is the time for shopping. " The Sydney Morning Herald, December 23, 2. 

And below a few of the Christmas specials provided by the department stores and supermarkets.

Target
  Target Ad December 17 1989 sunday telegraph (1)Target Ad December 17 1989 sunday telegraph (2)

Sources: 

Coles-Myer Limited. 1989. "Great fashion gift ideas at Target (Advertisement). " The Sunday Telegraph, December 17, 144-145.

Coles-Myer Limited. 1989. "Gift ideas for all the family at Target (Advertisement). " The Sunday Telegraph, December 17, 146-147.

Grace Bros

Grace Bros Christmas Ad December 17 1989 sunday telegraph

Source: Coles-Myer Limited. 1989. "Extended Hours for Shopping...Last Minute Gift Ideas (Advertisement). " The Sunday Telegraph, December 17, 26-27.

Coles/Fosseys

Coles Fosseys Ad December 20 1989 daily mirror

Source: Coles-Myer Limited. 1989. "Million dollar Summer Price Clearance (Advertisement). " The Daily Mirror, December 20, 52-53. 

Norman Ross
  Norman Ross Christmas Ad December 20 1989 daily mirror

Source: Norman Ross Discounts. 1989. "Appliance and Toy Clearance (Advertisement). " The Daily Mirror, December 20, 16-17. 

Woolworths
  Woolworths Christmas Specials Ad December 20 1989 daily mirror (2)

Source: Woolworths. 1989. "Lower Prices For Christmas (Advertisement)." The Daily Mirror, December 20, 44-45.

In a report in The Sunday Telegraph, on December 24, retailers were reporting that business was "steady" and earnings would be slightly ahead on the year before, despite the tough economic times settling in.

Carols in the Domain had grown through the 1980's into a major community event, and was held on December 16. The Sunday Telegraph reported on December 17 that 90 000 had attended the carols, hosted by Barry Crocker. For the record it was sponsored by ESSO.

  Carols in the Domain December 17 1989 sunday telegraph 2

Source: Anonymous. 1989. "Sea of candlelight." The Daily Telegraph, December 24, 2. 

Over the past week, we have been treated to a terrible tragic event, right on the eve of Christmas with the siege at the Lindt Cafe in Martin Place.17 people were held hostage for up to 17 hours by gunman Man Haron Monia, a self-styled Iranian Cleric on Monday. The siege ended when police raided the cafe at approximately 2:15 am on Tuesday. Lawyer Katrina Dawson and store manager Tori Johnson were killed. At this stage we know that Johnson was executed by the gunman Haron Monia, and hence led to the raid

The reaction by Sydneysiders has been of great shock and sadness which I have seen during the week, with thousands lining up to remember Dawson and Johnson at a floral memorial two blocks away from the cafe. Martin Place may be the scene of the crime but it also is the place where Sydney gathers. It has bought the city together, particularly given that Christmas is a time that we come together. We are good at doing that. We have also come together to grieve collectively for the dead. It also demonstrates true resilience. The fact the city is continuing on as normal is a sign of this. People are still working. People are shopping and making use of what the city has to offer. At the same time, we are taking time to reflect on it.

By the end of the week, we had learn't that a mother had killed her seven children and one nephew at her home in Cairns, which has given the nation yet another Christmas tragedy.

1989 also bought on its own tragedy during the Christmas season, which bought sadness upon the nation, though it would not measure to what saw last week. However, the loss of life was far greater than what we saw at the Lindt. 36 people were killed when two buses collided on the Pacific Highway near Clybucca Heads on the NSW North Coast. The incident occurred in the early hours of December 22. This is the worst ever loss of life on Australian roads. The collision had occurred two months after a coach collided with a semi-trailer, near Grafton, killing 21 people.

Clybucca Bus smash December 22 1989 daily mirror  (1)

Clybucca Bus disaster December 23 1989 daily telegraph 1-10 (1)


I found a video on Youtube of assorted reports relating to the crash as screened on Seven Nightly News in Brisbane on the night of December 22.

   

The 1980's was a bad decade for those who enjoyed speeding or having a few drinks and driving home under the influence. They got an even worse Christmas present to end the decade off, with bigger penalties for drink driving.

Drink Driving Ad December 20 1989 daily telegraph

Source: Roads and Traffic Authority (NSW). 1989. "From Now On, Don't Even Think About Breaking The New NSW Drink-Driving And Speeding Laws (Advertisement)." The Daily Telegraph, December 20, 6.  

Those those used the Illawarra and South Coast Rail Lines had to deal with trackwork forcing them onto buses or their cars.

City Rail trackwork Ad December 22 1989 daily mirror 18

Source: CityRail. 1989. "The good news. The bad news (Advertisement)." The Daily Mirror, December 22, 18. 

The pilots strike which had caused chaos for air travellers was also at an end, just in time for Christmas meaning one could fly to see their loved ones or take a break from normal life.

On the day itself, thousands of backpackers led by the British converged on Bondi Beach for their Christmas celebrations, a tradition that continues decades later.


Source: Fulson, A. 1989. "Streakers, trees and Englishmen out in the Bondi sun." The Sydney Morning Herald, December 26, 4. 

Newspapers were not published on Christmas Day, but the big news continued. On Boxing Day, we were hearing that Romanian Dictator Nicolae Ceausescu and his wife had been executed by the Romanian Army following a Kangaroo Court trial. Just days earlier, he had been overthrown by the people of Romania.

Romanian Dictator Shot December 26 1989 daily mirror

The video itself of the execution.


Warning: The images may be confronting to some people. 

Just days before Christmas, US President George Bush sent in the US Army to overthrow General Manuel Noreiga. He surrendered on January 3 1990 while seeking refuge in the Vatican's Diplomatic Mission in Panama City.

Panama Crisis December 21 1989 daily telegraph 1-3 (1)

Later that week, an Earthquake struck Newcastle, claiming 13 lives on December 28. Most deaths were in the Newcastle Workers Club and several died in Beaumont Street, Hamilton. The tremor was felt in Sydney. A tragic end to the 1980's, .

Newcastle Earthquake December 29 1989 daily mirror  (1)

Newcastle Earthquake December 29 1989 daily telegraph (1)

Newcastle Earthquake December 29 1989 SMH (1)

Newcastle Earthquake December 29 1989 The Age  (1)

Newcastle Earthquake December 29 1989 The Australian 1-4 (1)

If you want to see a bigger copy of any of the images, hover your mouse above the image and click them. From me, I wish you all a very safe and wonderful Christmas. May God be with you and watch over you.

Monday, 15 December 2014

1995: Sydney's Olympic Road (M4 East)

With the WestConnex now planning to snake its way under Sydney, lets look at one dead scheme that was proposed for the inner west from 1995 as a solution to the traffic gridlock on Parramatta Road.

However it was not going to be a motorway and the road would run above ground through a section of Concord and Five Dock before connecting with the City West Link at Wattle Street, Haberfield. A wise idea to not proceed with it because I think it wouldn't have had any major impact on traffic on Parramatta Road. The bottlenecks would have shifted east along the road into Haberfield and Ashfield. This appears that controlling traffic there would be so challenging as you'd not just manage traffic coming out of the new road but also the City-West Link, Parramatta Road and Frederick Street, Ashfield.

Two  alternative routes were considered. One would have included a tunnel under Parramatta Road like the WestConnex Motorway but would have required closure of parts of Parramatta Road or the construction of a viaduct along Parramatta Road.
M4 East August 20 1995 sunday telegraph 5

Source: Larkin, J. 1995. "RTA in push for Olympic road link," The Sunday Telegraph, , August 20, 5.

Saturday, 13 December 2014

Property Advert of the Week: Sherwood Park Estate, Northmead (1969)

This will be our final property advert of the week for 2014. Today, I will share an advert for the first release of home sites at the Sherwood Park Estate at Northmead in 1969. An unsewered block cost you just $2190 while a sewered site would cost you $3390. According to the RBA inflation calculator you could have your (un sewered block) for $23 986.
  Northmead August 15 1969 daily telegraph 47

Source: Parkes Developments Pty. Ltd. "Northmead (Advertisement)." The Daily Telegraph, August 15, 47.

Our weekly property advert feature will return from January 31.

Monday, 8 December 2014

1972: Inside the Sydney Airport Control Tower

This week, I share a feature from The Daily Telegraph in late 1972 that took readers inside the old control tower at Sydney Airport. In those days it had recently opened as part of the expansions to the airport during the late 1960's at a cost of $19 million. To build it today would equate to $200 000 000 according to the RBA Inflation Calculator. The control tower operated until 1996, when the current control tower opened on the opposite side of the North - South Runway.

The old control tower could handle up to 45 flights per hour (about half of today's maximum of eighty flights), while boasting that the radar covered the entire state of New South Wales.

The building has been remained idle, but there is the possibility it may be heritage listed in the future.

  Sydney Airport Control Tower December 1 1972 daily telegraph 30-31

Source: Behr, J. 1972. "$19m nerve centre." The Daily Telegraph. December 1, 30-31.

Saturday, 6 December 2014

Property Advert of the Week: Lugarno Homesites (1965)

We head south this week to Lugarno, where seven home sites were on sale on Forest Road in 1965. Based on the information in the advertisement the blocks encompass 1194-1208 Forest Road.
  Lugarno Housing ad October 23 1965 daily telegraph 47

Source: John L. Nichols & Co. Pty. Ltd. 1965. "Lugarno: Quality Homesites (Advertisement)." The Daily Telegraph, October 23, 47.  

Monday, 1 December 2014

1961: Anthony Hordern's Shopping Centre

This week, I share with you two newspaper advertisements to promote the opening of the Anthony Horderns' Shopping Centre in Central Sydney from December 1961.

It was boasting to be the first "drive in" shopping centre in Sydney's CBD which had parking levels within the existing structure. Shoppers had 100 shops to choose from.

This was done in response to the opening of "drive in" shopping centres that were already open in Sydney e.g. Top Ryde or were in the planning stages.

By the end of the decade, there would be no more Anthony Horderns at Brickfield Hill. However some small shops were allowed to trade until the 1980's when it was pulled down for the World Square development.
  Anthony Horderns December 6 1961 daily telegraph 24Anthony Horderns shopping centre ad december 1961 daily telegraph

Sources:

Anthony Horderns. 1961 "Anthony Horderns' New Drive-In City Shopping Centre (Advertisement)." The Daily Telegraph, December 6. 29.

Anthony Horderns. 1961 "Opens today at 12 noon (Advertisement)." The Daily Telegraph, December 6. 24.